The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of Adlyxin(lixisenatide) which is the injectable drug use to treat type 2 diabetes in adults.The drug is injected once daily and is used together with diet and exercise for its effectiveness to improve blood sugar level in patients.After the reviewed 10 clinical trials FDA concluded that Adlyxin helps to normalize blood sugar level.
Adlyxin belong to a class of drugs called glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1)receptor agonists.Adlyxin is not suppose to be used by patients with type 1 diabetes and those with high levels of ketones in their blood or urine.
Some common side effects associated with Adlyxin include vomiting,headache,dizziness,diarrhea and nausea as reported by FDA.Hypoglycemia(low blood sugar) occurred in patients who took both Adlyxin and other diabetes drugs such as sulfonylureas.Some people also showed severe hypersensitiveness and also serious allergic reaction.
This drug will boost health of type 2 diabetes despite having some side effects considering that over 29 million people in American alone have type 2 diabetes which is over 90% of diabetes cases.
MERS-CoV stands for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infection which is a zoonotic disease identified in Saudi Arabia for the first time in 2012.MERS-CoV causes respiratory and renal illness in human.Infection is also linked to progression to pneumonia,renal failure and sometimes causes acute respiratory distress syndrome.In extreme condition it causes death.
In 2015 there was a large out break of MERS-CoV in South Korea.With latest research carried out by scientists from South Korea it has shed some light to importance of measuring blood viral RNA when carrying out MERS-CoV diagnosis in order to determine severity of the disease.
Today is World Hepatitis Day.What is hepatitis?hepatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the liver .It may occur without symptoms or may lead to jaundice ,poor appetite and fatigue.It is caused by hepatitis viruses though other infections ,alcohols or drugs and autoimmune diseases also can cause. This day should also mark our day of assessment as governments,health professionals,health organizations and especially World Health Organization(WHO) to know how much we have gain in fighting the disease.If the report released by WHO is anything to go by then it shows there is nothing which has been done to fight hepatitis in terms of sensitization.
With report released by WHO over 400 million people are infected with hepatitis B and hepatitis C.Only 5% of this people know that they are infected with hepatitis B&C while 95% do not know they are infected.WHO has failed in its mandate to provide good health to humanity.The people especially from developing countries are dying every year because of hepatitis.What have WHO done to stop death of humanity?with presence of vaccines yet some countries(especially poor countries) do not access the vaccines what have WHO done to spread the vaccines to those countries?
Its time for WHO to deliver its mandate not by writings we always see but by action to reduce the death caused by hepatitis.
A new study carried out by Social&Scientific Systems in Silver Spring in U.S shows that many teens are either diabetic or prediabetic.Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are reported to be found among the young people.Type 1 is commonly an autoimmune disease while type 2 is related to life style .Type 2 is mostly associated with older adults.This findings are alarming as young people are not expected to be linked to such disease associated with old people.
The study further reveal that Black Americans are at high risk compared to whites.This shows that life style among the youths in U.S do not encourage exercises and gym to burn the cholesterol.This kind of life style with minimal physical activity will lead to other diseases such as blood pressure,heart attack and kidney dysfunction.
With the technology changing so fast youths are the most affected most of them spent a lot of their time in the internet especially social media.They have less time or none at all to do some physical activities.The kind of food they like i.e sugary and fatty foods also encourage obesity among the youth.
Government has to introduce more education about type 2 diabetes and its prevention for better management of the disease.Parents also have a role to play by ensuring their children are involved in physical activities.Also the kind of food they prepare for their children should have low fats,sugar and salts.
Congo is one of the most endowed country in Central Africa with minerals and fertile agricultural land.Despite this resources her citizens live in abject poverty.This is because of political instability which has affected the country for long time now.Due to this condition several diseases which can be controlled has became a big problem killing several people.The latest being yellow fever.Ebola has been reported also in the past and several other diseases.
Yellow fever has been declared an epidemic by ministry of health of Congo recently this is after killing more than 350 people which is the worst outbreak in decades.Congo has recorded 1798 cases since the start of the out break in January.
T he government of Congo has started vaccination with support from WHO targeting more than 10 million people.This is a good move though the shortage of vaccines reported recently by WHO is discouraging since this may lead to more deaths.Health organization should come up with long term solution to this problem.
Zoonotic bacterium that causes infection to human and pigs known as Streptococcus suis has been reported in Thailand.The condition was reported as septic meningitis which is serotype 24.The disease killed a baby of 2 years old after experiencing a fever for 3 days,vomiting,rash development and stiff neck.Physical examination showed temperature was 39.5 C,Oxygen saturation was 80% and blood pressure was 94/55 mm Hg which is indicative of severe respiratory failure.
This strain of meningitis pose a threat due to its virulent.This calls for immediate response from organizations concern with health like WHO before the situation get out of control.The rate of mutation of bacteria and virus has greatly increased due to misuse of antibacterial and antiviral drugs.Governments together with WHO and other health organization should come up with measures to control the use of antibacterial drugs to avoid misuse which later brings about mutation of bacterial strains hence became resistant to drugs.
According to Google search engine porn is the most popular searched topic leading by almost double the common topics like weather and translation combined.Porn contents have come in different terms like ;xxx,adult movies and etc.Most people have been victims of this porn contents youth being the most affected.The youth of the current generation is twice vulnerable to sexual immorality compared to those of past generation thanks to the fast and accessible internet.
The spread of HIV/AIDS has been stimulated by the porn content in the internet, youths being the main victims.Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected by HIV/AIDS in the world with approximately 24.7 million people living with the virus.There is about 1.5 million new infection in 2013 alone.Young women being the most affected due to relationship among older men.This behavior is linked to poverty among the young women.The male youths are infected by the female of their age who have already acquired the disease from older men.
The main cause of increase in new infection of HIV/AIDS among the youth is facilitated by internet porn contents , TV movies and adverts.This calls for more programs to create awareness among the youths.Children as young as 9 years already knows how to access internet.This shows why new infection of HIV can even increase among the teenage and young generation due to internet.
Zika virus is a viral infection spread by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.It was first discovered in Zika forest in Uganda.The disease so far has no cure nor vaccine and therefore prevention is the best method to control.It can also be spread through sex,pregnant mother to fetus (infection during pregnancy causes fatal birth defects to the fetus) and probably blood transfusion though not proved.
The disease is linked to brain malformation of fetus called microcephaly,eye defect ,hearing impairement and other body defects.Therefore awareness among the pregnant mothers has to be implemented.The disease is currently common in South America and has caused brain malformation to several children being born by mothers with the infection.
- Avoid the mosquitoes by sleeping inside the treated net
- Avoid sex or if you must just use condom
- Screening blood before transfusion
- Pregnant mothers should seek medical advice from the doctor
Medical researches from South African and North American better known as CAPRISA have ignited a new hope for managing a monster disease which has now swallowed our brothers,our sisters,parents,spouses ,children-the list is long for almost four decades now.The young generation has a high risk of new infection especially in sub-Saharan Africa.The immorality among the young generation is the main cause of new infection therefore more sensitization programs has to be done to ensure reduction of new infection.
The major challenge for sensitization programs is funding from donors who have not provide their support fully with some western countries reducing their funds for the first time.Thanks to U.S. government who has contributed so much in fight against HIV/AIDS for long period of time now.Other developed countries should also provide their support to eradicate this disease.
Corruption has been the major set back in the fight against HIV/AIDS in African countries,leaders should come out strongly and fight against the misuse of funds meant for fighting the disease.This will help us to realize our goal of eradicating the disease.
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