Zika virus is a viral infection spread by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.It was first discovered in Zika forest in Uganda.The disease so far has no cure nor vaccine and therefore prevention is the best method to control.It can also be spread through sex,pregnant mother to fetus (infection during pregnancy causes fatal birth defects to the fetus) and probably blood transfusion though not proved.
The disease is linked to brain malformation of fetus called microcephaly,eye defect ,hearing impairement and other body defects.Therefore awareness among the pregnant mothers has to be implemented.The disease is currently common in South America and has caused brain malformation to several children being born by mothers with the infection.
- Avoid the mosquitoes by sleeping inside the treated net
- Avoid sex or if you must just use condom
- Screening blood before transfusion
- Pregnant mothers should seek medical advice from the doctor